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Guest Post from Prendio Supplier Partner, Sino Biological

Sino Biological Guest Post (2)-1

Sino Biological, a Prendio preferred supplier partner, is leading advancements in biomedical research, particularly in kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs). These multifaceted proteases play critical roles in cancer progression, serving as vital biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Sino Biological offers a comprehensive range of KLK proteins and antibodies essential for research, facilitating studies like isoform mapping and ELISA measurements. Their products, widely cited in prestigious journals, hold promise for treating diseases such as cancer, dermatological disorders, and nervous system diseases, showcasing their commitment to driving innovation in the field. 

KLKs: A Family of Multifaceted Proteases 

Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs), a family of fifteen homologous serine proteases (KLK1-KLK15), exhibit critical roles in diverse physiological and pathological processes. Notable KLKs, including KLK3, KLK5, KLK6, KLK10, and KLK14, display key roles in regulating cancer genesis, growth, migration, invasion, and chemoresistance, influencing intricate molecular networks associated with cancer cell survival and dissemination. The functional relevance of KLKs in cancer progression makes them important biomarkers and therapeutic targets in various cancers. In translational medicine, KLK1, KLK2, KLK3, KLK5, KLK7, KLK14, and KLKB1 have been utilized for the design of KLK-targeted therapies, holding promise for treating cancers, nervous system diseases, dermatological disorders, and other medical fields. Sino Biological is committed to advance KLK-targeted drug development, providing a comprehensive selection of recombinant KLK proteins and corresponding antibodies, which plays a crucial role in KLK-related research, as demonstrated in studies utilizing these products for isoform mapping, ELISA measurements, and identifying highly expressed kallikreins in specific carcinomas.  

Physiological and Pathological Roles: 

KLKs are involved in various physiological processes, such as skin desquamation, semen liquefaction, tooth enamel formation, immune response regulation, and neural development. On the other hand, dysfunction in KLK regulation is implicated in numerous pathophysiological processes ranging from prostate and ovarian cancers to lung disease, hypertension, and diabetes to cardiovascular disease.1–3​ Some of the most studied KLKs in cancer are KLK3 (PSA) for prostate cancer, KLK6 and KLK10 for ovarian cancer, and KLK5 and KLK14 for breast cancer. 4,5​ In different specific cancer types, the expression of each KLK is differentially regulated by tumor-promoting or tumor-suppressing effects.1,6,7 The excessive molecular network of KLKs includes cross-talk with uPAs, PARs, Kinin, TGF-b, and MMPs, collectively promoting survival, proliferation, and dissemination of cancer cells.​8,9​

KLK regulation mechanisms in normal physiology and disease states. (https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.R109.027946) 


Bench to Bedside 

KLKs, such as KLK1, KLK2, KLK3, KLK5, KLK7, KLK14, and KLKB1, hold promise in various medical fields (Table 1). KLK1, for instance, shows potential in treating nervous system diseases, autoimmune conditions, stroke, and diabetic kidney disease, emphasizing its relevance in neurology and endocrinology. KLK2 and KLK3 play significant roles in different cancer types, including castration-resistant, metastatic prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancer, as well as atopic dermatitis. Dermatological disorders like atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and Netherton Syndrome are associated with KLK5 and KLK7, offering avenues for innovative therapies. KLK14's involvement in Netherton Syndrome, prostate cancer, and atopic dermatitis suggests its versatility as a therapeutic target. Additionally, KLKB1's connections to retinopathy, diabetes, macular degeneration, allergies, and coagulopathies underscore its importance in ophthalmology, endocrinology, and hematology. 

Table 1. Various KLKs currently studied in different diseases
Targets  Conditions
 KLK1  Nervous System Diseases, Autoimmune Diseases, Cerebral Stroke, Diabetic Kidney Disease
 KLK2  Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer, Metastatic Prostate Cancer, Atopic Dermatitis
 KLK3  Prostate Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Metabolic Disorders, Solid Tumor
 KLK5  Atopic Dermatitis, Psoriasis, Netherton Syndrome, Pruritus, Asthma, Cancer
 KLK7  Atopic Dermatitis, Psoriasis, Cancer, Netherton Syndrome, Acne
 KLK14  Netherton Syndrome, Prostate Cancer, Atopic Dermatitis
 KLKB1  Retinopathy, Diabetes, Macular Degeneration, Allergy, Coagulopathy

Source: https://www.pharnexcloud.com/ 

Application in Research  

Sino Biological’s products play a crucial role in KLK-related research, as demonstrated by frequently cited in well-reputed journals. These products support studies such as isozyme mapping, ELISA measurements, and identification of highly expressed Kallikreins in specific carcinomas. Fu et al. used anti-KLK3 rabbit monoclonal antibody (Sino Biological) as an IgG control isotype in the isoform mapping and interactome studies of endogenous TMPRSSS2-ERG fusion protein in VCaP prostate cancer cells by orthogonal immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry assays, supporting the development of more accurate prostate cancer diagnostics.​10​ Egidi et al. used human KLK-11 and KLK-13 ELISA kits (Sino Biological) to measure KLKs (hK11 and hK13) in preoperative and postoperative serum samples from prostate cancer patients, and found that there was a significant decrease in KLK in postoperative serum.​11​ In another study, Hashemipour et al. identified that human tissue kallikreins are highly expressed in pleomorphic adenomas and mucoepidermoid carcinomas, where lysate from 293T cells transfected with KLK10 and KLK11 (Sino Biological) were served as controls.12​ 






For the interactome studies, antibody isotype controls included: anti-KLK3 rabbit monoclonal antibody (Sino Biological) as an IgG isotype control for EPR3864(2) antibody in the mass-spectrometric analysis. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcpro.2021.100075







Human KLK-11 and KLK-13 ELISA antibody pair sets (Sino Biological) were used to measure hK11 (Panel a) and hK13 (Panel b) levels (pg/mL ± SE) in sera from patients with localized prostate cancer. T0: preoperative time; T1: 1st postoperative day; T2: 5th postoperative day; T3: 30th postoperative day. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/241780




Featured Sino Products 


Featured KLK Antibodies

More KLK Recombinant Proteins

 Molecule  Product  Cat#  Purity  Activity
KLK1  Human KLK-1 / Kallikrein-1 Protein (His Tag)  10407-H08H   ≥ 95 % as determined by SEC-HPLC  Active
KLK3  Human KLK3 / PSA / Kallikrein-3 Protein (His Tag)  10771-H08H   ≥ 90 % as determined by SEC-HPLC   Active
KLK6  Human KLK6 / Kallikrein 6 / Neurosin Protein (His   Tag)  12142-H08H   ≥ 95 % as determined by SEC-HPLC   
KLK13  Human KLK13 / Kallikrein-13 Protein (His Tag)   10199-H08H   ≥ 95 % as determined by SEC-HPLC   Active
KLK15  Mouse KLK15 Protein (His Tag)   55382-M08H   > 95 % as determined by SEC-HPLC   Active
 KLK5  Human KLK5 Protein (His Tag)  

     16006-H08H       (Pre-order) 

 > 90 % as determined by SDS-PAGE.   
 KLK4  Human KLK-4 / Kallikrein-4 Protein (His Tag)  11857-H08H   > 94 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   Active
 KLK7  Human KLK7 / PRSS6 Protein (His Tag)  10416-H08H   > 97 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   Active
 KLK8  Human KLK-8 / Kallikrein-8 Protein (His Tag)  11820-H08H   > 98 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   Active
 KLK11  Human KLK11 / Kallikrein-11 Protein (His Tag)  10767-H08H   > 90 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   Active
KLK15  Human KLK15 / Kallikrein-4  Protein (hFc Tag)  12343-H02H   > 80 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   
KLK1  Mouse KLK1 / Kallikrein 1 Protein (His Tag)  50915-M08H   > 90 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   Active
KLK7  Mouse KLK7 / Kallikrein 7 Protein (His Tag)  50921-M08H   > 95 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   Active
KLK11 Mouse KLK11 / Kallikrein-11 Protein (His Tag)  50919-M08H   > 95 % as determined by SDS-PAGE   


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1.  Filippou, P. S., Karagiannis, G. S., Musrap, N. & Diamandis, E. P. Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) and the hallmarks of cancer. Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences vol. 53 277–291 Preprint at https://doi.org/10.3109/10408363.2016.1154643 (2016). 

​2. Kalinska, M., Meyer-Hoffert, U., Kantyka, T. & Potempa, J. Kallikreins - The melting pot of activity and function. Biochimie vol. 122 270–282 Preprint at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2015.09.023 (2016). 

​3. Bouzid, H. et al. Kallikrein-Related Peptidase 6 (KLK6) as a Contributor toward an Aggressive Cancer Cell Phenotype: A Potential Role in Colon Cancer Peritoneal Metastasis. Biomolecules 12, (2022). 

​4. Figueroa, C. D., Molina, L., Bhoola, K. D. & Ehrenfeld, P. Overview of tissue kallikrein and kallikrein-related peptidases in breast cancer. Biol Chem 399, 937–957 (2018). 

​5. Peng, Q. et al. Biomarker implication of kallikrein-related peptidases as prognostic tissue substrates of poor survival in colorectal cancer. Cancer Cell Int 20, (2020). 

​6. Gong, W. et al. Prognostic value of kallikrein-related peptidase 7 (KLK7) mRNA expression in advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer. J Ovarian Res 13, (2020). 

​7. Chen, E. et al. Analysis of expression and prognosis of KLK7 in ovarian cancer. Open Medicine (Poland) 15, 932–939 (2020). 

​8. Hsieh, H. L., Wang, H. H., Wu, W. Bin, Chu, P. J. & Yang, C. M. Transforming growth factor-β1 induces matrix metalloproteinase-9 and cell migration in astrocytes: Roles of ROS-dependent ERK- and JNK-NF-κB pathways. J Neuroinflammation 7, (2010). 

​9. Gomes, L. R., Terra, L. F., Wailemann, R. A. M., Labriola, L. & Sogayar, M. C. TGF-β1 modulates the homeostasis between MMPs and MMP inhibitors through p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 in highly invasive breast cancer cells. BMC Cancer 12, (2012). 

​10. Fu, Z. et al. Mapping isoform abundance and interactome of the endogenous TMPRSS2-ERG fusion protein by orthogonal immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry assays. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics 20, (2021). 

​11. Egidi, M. G. et al. Circulating microRNAs and Kallikreins before and after radical prostatectomy: Are they really prostate cancer markers? Biomed Res Int 2013, (2013). 

​12. Hashemipour, M. A., Fatah, F. S., Ashraf, M. J. & Tahmasebi, M. Expression of Human Kallikreins 4, 8, 10, 11 and 13 in Pleomorphic Adenomas and Mucoepidermoid Carcinomas. Iran J Pathol 11, 334–344 (2016).